(L95) In 20 Years I Will…

“The lifestyle I want 20 years from now”

In 20 years time (if we all survive on earth that much longer), I will be 37 years old. By this time, I will hope to have accomplished the majority of my goals (and maybe some dreams too)!

First and foremost, I would love to have a big family! This would mean as many kids as Carmine and I could comfortably afford, (no grandkids yet, but hopefully they wouldn’t be too far off in the distance). They will be raised in the outdoors, making forts and mud pies rather than downloading apps and begging for the latest trending toy. They will all be homeschooled, and our children will learn through true experience like we all should have!

To go along with our large and well functioning household, it would be a dream to carry out everyday life self-sustainably. (I’ve always lived on a farm in my heart!) We would have goats for milk and cheese (it is much healthier for humans than cow milk and/or cheese). Horses for riding and plowing fields. (Not only are they good work animals, but they are extremely therapeutic; knowing how to ride, care for and work with horses are fantastic skills to have.) I certainly wouldn’t complain if I was allowed to have a donkey or mule either! Chickens (and roosters) would certainly be a must; I’ve had them before and not only are they great for waking you up before your alarms do, but the eggs are delicious. There is a difference between meat chickens and egg chickens contrary to common knowledge, and it would be possible we could have meat chickens to sell to others. I just don’t think I would be able to eat an animal I raised, and I am not huge on meat anyways.

Last but not least, I hope that Carmine and I may have both achieved our career goals and fulfilled our callings. This would mean, most importantly, that we will have our own liberty based church. Carmines indisputable calling from God is to be a preacher, and I couldn’t be more proud of his persistent studies and growing relationship with The Lord. We have both grown so close to our Creator since we were born again in May of 2015 and I can’t even imagine the things that could happen within the next 20 years! As I am still unsure of my calling, I do know that it is either to bake, or to work with animals. I have always had a special relationship with animals, mostly dogs, and God has used them to touch and greatly affect my life since I was born. On the other hand however, I feel that I am being drawn to bake, and decorate. I am not quite sure of the significance of this yet, and only time will tell. I sure hope that 20 years is enough to find out! It would be beyond my wildest dreams to have a dog rescue animal rescue in general); a farm would make fantastic space for a dog sanctuary as well.

The one thing that I am sure of is that God will grant Carmine and I exactly what we need in this life, and that is all that I could ever ask for. Only time will tell quite what that means!

Be a Biological Detective (L140)

Suppose you found the bones of an unidentified animal. How could you learn about what the animal ate? What specific structures would give you clues about the creature’s diet?

There are multiple ways to identify the diet of an animal after death. One way to find key identifying clues would be to study the animals dentition; this is the development and arrangement of teeth. There are two types of animals (as far as teeth categorization goes); homodonts and heterodonts. In the mouth of a homodont, all the teeth are the same shape and makeup (with the exception of fangs in some reptiles). In the mouth of a heterodont however, one will find many different types of teeth; like in humans. The shape and makeup of each tooth can then be used to narrow down and determine its specific function, and the animal to which it belongs. Sharp long teeth are used for tearing, shredding and getting a good grip on flesh; whereas flat, blocky teeth are used to grind and mash plant matter. It take more effort to break down the cell wall in plants, so smashing up the food allows for the most surface area to be exposed at a time.

Extra: If one had found a carcass with fresh-ish remainders still inside, (obviously unlikely, but…) they would be able to come to the conclusion about the animals diet based upon the length of the intestines as well. Herbivores have a longer small intestine than carnivores; this is because they are maximizing the amount of surface area being exposed and processed at once. Plant matter is more difficult to digest than animal flesh.
Humans have intestines (for the most part) that are, lenghtwise, in-between that of carnivores and herbivores; surprisingly, length can vary by as much as five feet between two people, but nonetheless, humans have the build of an omnivore. 

“If You Chose to go to College…” (L130)

If you chose to go to college, what would be a short list of majors you’d consider?

From a young age I was forced into adulthood; eventually, I became more of a parentified child. Now, well into my teenage years, as independent as I am, it is time to really learn to be an adult. I’m talking about choosing a career, and a school; applying for scholarships and looking into payment plan options. I absolutely wouldn’t have been able to plan as efficiently for my future, had I not had (Timothy Terrell’s) Mr.Terrell’s Personal Finance course.
I am nearing the end of my Junior year, and have decided to get my estheticians license. I will be attending a vocational school, (probably while I finish my senior year) for a 400 hour course.
However, if I were going to a traditional college, I would go to be an animal physical therapist, not a doubt in my mind. I love animals and think I would be really good at it – but school takes years and lots of money; it isn’t the best option for me right now. Helping people is the only thing I love just as much as helping animals; skincare and truly healthy products is right where I belong! I will be good at it, and I will enjoy it. Not to mention the healthy income it brings.

Chordates (L110)

What is a chordate? How are vertebrates different from chordates?

Chordates are animals that possess a notochord, a dorsal nerve cord, pharyngeal clefts and a muscular tale (for at least some portion of their life cycle). A unique aspect of chordates is that they’re the only animals whom possess a hollow dorsal nerve cord; other animals will have a solid dorsal cord, if any. Most non chordate animals have a ventral nerve cord. Chordates belong to the kingdom animalia, and the phylum chordata.
Vertebrates belong to a subphylum of chordate animals, and represent the majority of the phylum chordata. Vertebrates are characterized by having an extensive skull as well as a backbone composed of vertebrae. They also have homeotic genes (hox genes) that serve as a blueprint for each pody part’s position and shape. All vertebrates are craniats, and all craniates are chordates (in the phylum chordata). Therefore, all chordates are animals, as are vertebrates.