1.) Were the Revolutions of 1848 successful or unsuccessful? Discuss two examples.
The revolutions of 1848 were (for the most part) unsuccessful. Two large attempts at revolution that broke out during this time were located in France, and in Austria. In France in 1848, revolution was incited when the government attempted to suppress a (political) banquet; riots raged and times seemed to be in the hands of the people for a short spurt. That was until Louis Napoleon, nephew of Napoleon I, became president; by 1852 he became Napoleon III, emperor of France. Clearly, this was a failed revolution for having resulted in an empire.
The people of Austria in 1848 had been revved up by wind of revolution in Paris; they began rioting throughout Vienna. Metternich resigned at the advice of Emperor Ferdinand I, who later resigned himself in favor of his grandson, Franz Joseph. Being a multinational empire, Austria at this point had been overcome by demands for autonomy from each of the various pieces of which it was composed. The Russians stepped in to put down these various rebellions, and at this time, freedom was not to be restored.
2.) Why did Karl Marx think socialism was superior to capitalism?
Socialism, according to Karl Marx, was all-in-all, a highly superior way to organize society. He believed socialism was superior to capitalism, and is known to have thought this because of his hypothesis that capitalism “deformed, and stultified” people, whereas he believed that communism on the other hand would allow people to flourish and reach their full potential. He said this because he believed that capitalism was founded on the “exploitation of wage labor”, and that communism would right these wrongs.
Woods, Tom. “Lesson 94 – Marxism, Part 1.” Ron Paul Curriculum. Ron Paul Curriculum, n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2015. <http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ronpaulcurriculum.com%2Fmembers%2F5001.cfm>.